The ancient Greeks used the leaves for the reinforcement of the gums. Romans used them against diarrhea and Galen, the prominent Greek physician, used the roots against kidney stones. Arabs have used the leaves as a means of sexual arousal. The leaves and roots are used for diarrhea, gastritis, and heavy menstruation. The fruits are used for colds. Externally the leaves are applied to inflammation of the lining of the mouth, against bleeding gums and piles.